Bismarck, N.D.— The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) has confirmed a second case of Zika virus illness reported in a North Dakota resident. The individual who tested positive for Zika virus is a man who traveled to Costa Rica.
This case was not hospitalized for his illness.
As reported by The Costa Rica Star in February, a tourist from the United States fell ill with the Zika virus after visiting a yoga retreat in Playa Nosara, province of Guanacaste. The announcement was made by Minister of Public Health Fernando Llorca, who mentioned that the United States Centers of Disease Control confirmed the report.
“People who travel to areas with Zika virus need to protect themselves from mosquito bites,” said Laura Cronquist, Epidemiologist with the NDDoH. “Protect yourself by using insect repellent when outdoors, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants, staying in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms, and using a bed net if you are sleeping outside.”
Zika is typically spread to people by a bite from an infected mosquito. Zika can also be spread from a mother to her unborn child, through sexual contact, and likely through blood transfusions.
The mosquitoes that are known to transmit Zika have not been found in North Dakota. The NDDoH has the following recommendations for those returning from Zika affected area such as Costa Rica:
All travelers should consult their health care provider if they develop illness, such as sudden onset of fever, rash, conjunctivitis (red eyes), joint pain, muscle soreness or pain, or headache, within 14 days of returning from Zika affected areas
Men returning from an area with Zika virus transmission should either abstain from sexual activity or correctly and consistently use condoms for all sexual acts; men should contact their health care provider for advice on how long they need to abstain or use
Pregnant women should consult their health care provider and seek testing for Zika virus between two and 12 weeks after returning from a Zika affected area
Even if they do not feel sick, all travelers returning to the United States from an area with
Zika should take steps to prevent mosquito bites for three weeks following their return.
Travelers should not use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, to treat symptoms.
Press release by the North Dakota Department of Health